- read about breast lift – mastopexy
- see before and after photos
- alternatives, risks, benefits & recovery
Breast sagging or ptosis is usually treated surgically by removing excess skin resulting in a firmer breast. Because the problem is related to the skin and breast tissue (fat, breast gland and suspensory ligaments) rather than muscle this problem is unaffected by exercise. The cause of drooping is multifactorial:
* breast size
* genetic predisposition
* smoking history
* bra use history
* weight loss
* pregnancy with breast enlargement-engorgement and breast feeding
Whether a lift should be performed or not and what type of technique is used is dependent on the degree of drooping not the size of the breast. The nipple should be in line with or above the level of the infra-breast skin crease i.e. while standing upright the nipple should lie 20cm (about 8 inches) diagonally from the notch of the upper edge of the breast bone. If the nipple lies only 2cm from the desired point a ring or donut of skin can be removed around the nipple areola complex thereby providing some lift with minimally visible scarring. For greater lengths of nipple elevation a lollipop or vertical incision is required. For even greater lengths where the nipples point downward toward the floor an inverted T or anchor shaped excision of skin is required.
Some surgeons place mashes under the skin or denude the surface skin and use it as a sling to prevent recurrent sagging. There is no evidence that doing so delays the recurrence of sagging so these are mostly marketing and selling ploys.
45 years old, 5’2″ tall, 125 lb., 38C bra size. This patient required a significant amount of lifting as is evident in the oblique view which shows the nipple was far below the infra-breast skin crease. Therefore an invert T or anchor pattern skin excision mastopexy was used to raise it up to the infra-breast skin crease level. The excision pattern is designed so that the scar is hidden under the breast when standing upright and is made asymmetric or not mirror imaged across a vertical plane through the nipple in order to achieve a natural appearance.
Breast lift mastopexy performed with inverted T closure. Breast implants were not placed.
Breast lift mastopexy performed with inverted T closure in Afro-American patient. A small amount of breast tissue was removed on the left but this was basically a breast lift mastopexy without breast implant placement.
Breast lift – mastopexy surgery can enhance your appearance and your self confidence. Realistic expectations are important to be happy with any surgery. As each patient is an individual, different results can be expected in each patient.
Although there are different surgical approaches there are no available alternatives to surgery.
The main risks of this surgery are skin scarring and recurrent drooping. The more drooping you have, the more skin you need to remove and the more skin scarring you will have. The pattern of skin removal is designed to hide the scars around the areola and in the crease under the breast but they can still be bothersome. The breast tissue is attached to the chest wall by Cooper’s ligaments and the increasing laxity of these ligaments allows the breasts to droop. The surgery however targets the stretched skin because we currently have no way to target the ligaments. The skin then re-stretches under the weight of the breasts which are no longer restrained from above by the ligaments. Some surgeons believe internal slings of mesh or denuded skin can counteract this but the mesh is either absorbable or its attachements loosen with time and the denuded skin is still skin so it stretches.
The benefits are the self confidence of not seeing drooping breasts and being less self conscious when intimate. The outside world does not usually see the results of the surgery.
Drains are not usually required and sutures are removed at 10 to 12 days. The most important part of recovery is exercise and activity restrictions for 3 to 4 weeks after surgery after which patients rapidly return to their pre-surgery exercise routines.
Dr. Aaron Stone
Call today for a consultation!120 South Spalding Dr, Suite 330
Beverly Hills, Los Angeles,CA 90212